planting each of these different types of trees differs in the details, all
trees eventually end up in a hole. But not any old hole will do.
most common mistake when planting a tree is a digging hole, which is both
too deep and too narrow. Too deep and the
roots don’t have access to sufficient oxygen to ensure proper growth.
Too narrow and the root structure can’t expand sufficiently to nourish and
properly anchor the tree.
general rule, trees should be transplanted no deeper than the soil in which
they were originally grown. The width of the
hole should be at least 3 times the diameter of the root ball or container
or the spread of the roots in the case of bare root trees. This will
provide the tree with enough worked earth for its root structure to
When digging in
poorly drained clay soil, it is important to avoid ‘glazing’. Glazing
occurs when the sides and bottom of a hole become smoothed forming a
barrier, through which water has difficulty passing. To break up
the glaze, use a fork to work the bottom and drag the points along the sides
of the completed hole. Also, raising the centre bottom of the hole slightly
higher than the surrounding area. This allows water to disperse,
reducing the possibility of water pooling in the planting zone.
Balled and Burlapped Trees.
and burlapped (B & B) trees, although best planted as soon as possible, can
be stored for some time after purchase as long as the ball is kept moist and
the tree stored in a shady area. B
& B trees should always be lifted by the ball, never by the trunk.
The burlap surrounding the ball of earth and roots should either be cut away
completely (mandatory, in the case of synthetic or plastic burlap) or at
least pulled back from the top third of the ball (in the case of natural
burlap). Any string or twine should also be removed. Backfill
soil (combinations of peat moss, composted manure, topsoil, etc.) is then
placed in the hole surrounding the tree just to the height of the ball or
slightly lower to allow for some settling. Be careful not to compress
the back fill soil as this may prevent water from reaching the roots and the
roots from expanding beyond the ball. DON"T FORGET